Soybeans are a legume. Legumes are contained in a pod (like a pea pod). The pod contains multiple seeds that are attached to the sides of the pod. Grains are contained in shells and, unlike legumes where there are many seeds per pod, there is only one seed enclosed in a grain shell.
- A4 to 5 ft
- B14 to 16 ft
- C6 to 10 ft
In the Midwest, corn is planted in late April or early May and harvested beginning in mid-September through October. Under good growing conditions, the plant is already 8 feet tall by mid-summer. A healthy corn plant will not only be 10 feet tall, but its roots will also grow nearly 6 feet into the ground.
- A1 ear
- B3 ears
- C5 ears
Although different corn plants can develop more than one ear per plant, field corn – a type of corn grown primarily for livestock consumption (and 90% of the corn you see growing) – typically produces just one large ear. Producing one large "full" ear of corn, rather than two smaller incomplete ears, usually results in an overall higher yield.
Whole oats, which are very high in nutritional value and have been hulled, are called oat groats. These oat groats have gone through very minimal processing. Typically, when people talk about oats they are referring to rolled oats or steel-cut oats, which have gone through different processing methods that allow them to be used in cereals and oatmeal. Whether you are eating oat groats, rolled oats or steel-cut oats, the oat grain contains a special kind of fiber that has a beneficial effect in lowering cholesterol.
Nearly half of the wheat grown in the U.S. is used domestically. In 2012, U.S. farmers grew nearly 2.2 billion bushels of wheat across 49 million acres of land. One bushel of wheat yields almost 90 one-pound loaves of whole wheat bread. That’s 198,000,000,000 loaves of bread produced in one year!
- A3 gallons
- B1 gallon
- C7 gallons
One dairy cow produces an average of 7 gallons of milk every day. In just one year's time a cow will produce 2,555 gallons – which equates to nearly 41,000 glasses of milk!
An 8-oz glass of milk provides a third of the recommended daily intake of calcium. In order to produce this milk, a dairy cow must eat about 75 pounds of food and drink 35 gallons of water each day. This food intake is a combination of hay, grain, chopped corn stalks and proteins – as well as vitamins and minerals.